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SCHEDULE OF CLASSES

FALL 2017

Week I Sep 6-8The Origins of the British Empire
Week II Sep 11-15The Atlantic World
Week III Sep 18-22War, Revolution, and Realignment
Week IV Sep 25-29The Rise of the Second British Empire
Week V Oct 2-6Inside the Pax Britannica
Week VI Oct 9-13The Empire and its Discontents: Ireland
Week VII Oct 16-20The Empire and its Discontents: India
Week VIII Oct 23-27Africa and the Changing Face of Empire
Week IX Oct 30-Nov 3The "New" Imperialism
Week X Nov 6-10The Empire's Wars
Week XI Nov 13-17From Empire to Commonwealth
Week XII Nov 20-24Internal and External Challenges
Week XIII Nov 27-Dec 1The Crisis of Empire, 1945-1948
Week XIV Dec 4-8Decolonization and the End of Empire, 1948-1997
Week XV Dec 11-13Legacies and Lessons



Week I: The Origins of the British Empire

Sep 6: Introduction: How do we view the British Empire?
Sep 8: England's early overseas expansion


Reading:
Colley, 1-98
Nicholas Canny, "The Origins of Empire" in Oxford History of the British Empire, Vol I (OHBE:I), 1-33

Documents:
Richard Hakluyt, "Discourse of Western planting" (1584)
Edmund Spenser, "A view of the present state of Ireland" (1596)
Thomas Mun, "England's treasure by foreign trade" (1664) [image]

Atlas:
Dalziel, 18-23




Week II: The Atlantic World

Sep 11: Commerce, competition, and the beginnings of the "First British Empire"
Sep 13: Sugar, slaves, and the economies and cultures of the Atlantic
Sep 15: Discussion


Reading:
Colley, 99-134
Patrick O'Brien, "Inseparable Connections: Trade, Economy, Fiscal State, and the Expansion of Empire" in OHBE:II, 53-77
Marcus Rediker, "African Paths to the Middle Passage" in The Slave Ship: A Human History, 73-108

Documents:
First Charter of Virginia (1606) [image]
Richard Ligon, "A true & exact history of the island of Barbados" (1657)
John Wesley, "Thoughts upon slavery" (1774)
Adam Smith, "Of colonies," "The cost of empire" in Wealth of Nations (1776)
Stowage diagram of African slave ship Brookes (1788)

Atlas:
Dalziel, 24-27, 30-33




Week III: War, Revolution, and Realignment

Sep 18: The eighteenth century and the clash of empires
Sep 20: The American Revolution and its aftermath
Sep 22: Discussion


Reading:
Brendon, 3-31
Colley, 137-238
Alan Taylor, "Imperial War and Crisis, 1739-1775" in American Colonies, 420-443
"Divided, even at birth" in The Economist, 1 Jul 2017

Documents:
Maj. Gen. James Wolfe, "To the citizens of Québec" (1759)
Edmund Burke, "On conciliation with America" (1775)
Continental Congress, Declaration of Independence (1776) [image]

Atlas:
Dalziel, 28-29, 34-35, 52-53


RESPONSE PAPER #1 DUE 22 SEP



Week IV: The Rise of the Second British Empire

Sep 25: The East India Company and the conquest of Bengal
Sep 27: Liberal Imperialism and the birth of the "Second British Empire"
Sep 29: Discussion


Reading:
Brendon, 32-118
Colley, 241-307
Andrew Porter, "Trusteeship, Anti-Slavery, and Humanitarianism" in OHBE:III, 198-221

Documents:
Robert Clive, Letter to William Pitt regarding British policy in Bengal (1759)
East India Company Act of 1767
Robert Clive, Speech in the House of Commons on India (1772)
Warren Hastings, Letter to Court of Directors of the East India Company (1773)
Edmund Burke, Speech in the House of Commons on India (1783)
John Stuart Mill, "On Colonies and Colonization" (1848) and "On Liberty" (1859)

Atlas:
Dalziel, 36-37, 58-59




Week V: Inside the Pax Britannica

Oct 2: Science, technology, and empire
Oct 4: The Indian Revolt of 1857 and the making of the British Raj
Oct 6: Discussion


Reading:
Colley, 308-379
Headrick, 3-104

Documents:
T.B. Macaulay, "Minute on Education" (1835) and Resolution of Lord Bentinck (1835)
Mountstuart Elphinstone, "Indian customs and manners" (1840)
Earl of Dalhousie, Report on the administration of India (1856)
Elisa Greathed, An account of the Indian Mutiny at Meerut (1857)

Atlas:
Dalziel, 42-43, 46-51, 100-101




Week VI: The Empire and its Discontents: Ireland

Oct 9: The Famine and the Exodus
Oct 11: Home Rule campaigns and the growth of Irish nationalism
Oct 13: FALL BREAK (NO CLASS)


Reading:
Brendon, 119-140
Ward, 1-81
Kevin Kenny, "Introduction" in Ireland and the British Empire, 1-25

Documents:
Daniel O'Connell, "Justice for Ireland" (speech to the House of Commons) (1836)
"Summer of Sorrows" from Gerald Keegan's Diary (1847)
William Bennett, "Narrative of a recent journey in Ireland" (1847)
Parliamentary Proceedings, "The state of famine and disease in Ireland" (1846)
Cork Reporter, "The apprehended scarcity" (1846)
Times of London, "The Irish question" (1846)

Music:
Sinéad O'Connor, "Skibbereen" (1998)




Week VII: The Empire and its Discontents: India

Oct 16: Indian society under the British Raj
Oct 18: The rise of nationalism in British India
Oct 20: Discussion


Reading:
Headrick, 129-149, 157-191
"100 years since Servitude" in The Economist (Sep 2017)
Bernard S. Cohn, "Representing Authority in Victorian India" in Hobsbawm and Ranger (eds), The Invention of Tradition, 165-209

Documents:
Queen Victoria, "Proclamation to the Princes, Chiefs, and People of India"(1858)
Lord Roberts, "When Queen Victoria became Empress of India" (1877)
Francis Younghusband, Convention between Great Britain and Tibet (1904)
B.G. Tilak, "Address to the Indian National Congress" (1907)
M.K. Gandhi, "Indian Home Rule" (1909)

Video:
Coronation Durbar of King George V as Emperor of India (1911)

Atlas:
Dalziel, 78-81, 88-91


RESPONSE PAPER #2 DUE 16 OCT



Week VIII: Africa and the Changing Face of Empire

Oct 23: The "scramble" for Africa
Oct 25: Gold, diamonds, and war in South Africa, 1895-1902
Oct 27: MIDTERM EXAMINATION


Reading:
Brendon, 141-218

Documents:
Chief Moshweshewe, Letter to Sir George Grey (on the establishment of Basutoland) (1858)
Earl of Cromer, "Why Britain acquired Egypt in 1882" (1908)
Alfred Egmont Hake, "The death of General Gordon at Khartoum" (1885)
Capt. F.D. Lugard, "The rise of our East African empire" (1893)
Winston Churchill, "The Battle of Omdurman" (1898)

Atlas:
Dalziel, 44-45, 72-77




Week IX: The "New" Imperialism

Oct 30: Theories of imperialism
Nov 1: Empire and British national identity
Nov 3: Discussion (meet in Special Collections, Watzek Library)


Reading:
Brendon, 219-253
Headrick, 105-126, 150-156, 192-210
John Gallagher and Ronald Robinson, "The Imperialism of Free Trade" in Economic History Review VI (1953), 1-18
John Mackenzie, "The Popular Culture of Empire in Britain" in OHBE:IV, 212-231

Documents:
Benjamin Disraeli, "The maintenance of empire" (1872)
Joseph Chamberlain, "The true conception of empire" (1897)
J.A. Hobson, "Imperialism: A Study" (1902)
V.I. Lenin, "Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism" (1916)
Rudyard Kipling, "Gunga Din" (1891) and "The White Man's Burden" (1898)
Thomas Hardy, "Drummer Hodge" (1899)
George Orwell, "Shooting an Elephant" (1936)

Music:
Edward Elgar, "Pageant of Empire" (1924), "Imperial March, op. 32" (1924)

Atlas:
Dalziel, 64-67, 94-97


RESPONSE PAPER #3 DUE 3 NOV



Week X: The Empire's Wars

Nov 6: The Empire in the Great War, 1914-1918
Nov 8: From rebels to statesmen: Ireland, 1905-1922
Nov 10: Discussion


Reading:
Brendon, 254-293
Ward, 82-173

Document:
Proclamation of the Irish Republic (1916) [image]

Music:
Brian Warfield, "A Soldier's Return"
Eric Bogle, "The Band played Waltzing Matilda" and "No Man's Land"

Memorials:
Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Australian War Memorial
Canadian National Vimy Memorial
ANZAC Centenary (Government of Australia)
The Somme Association of Northern Ireland

Atlas:
Dalziel, 104-105, 112-113, 118-119


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY DUE 6 NOV



Week XI: From Empire to Commonwealth

Nov 13: Imperialism, Zionism, and the creation of the Modern Middle East
Nov 15: The Dominions and the rise of the British Commonwealth
Nov 17: Discussion


Reading:
Brendon, 294-378
John Darwin, "A Third British Empire? The Dominion Idea in Imperial Politics" in OHBE:IV, 64-87

Documents:
Theodore Herzl, "On the Jewish State" (1896)
Sir Henry McMahon, Letter to Sherif Hussein ibn Ali (1915)
Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916)
Balfour Declaration (1917) [image]
Palestine Mandate (1922)
T.E. Lawrence, Seven Pillars of Wisdom (1922) [Introduction, Chs. 1-2]
Statute of Westminster (1931)

Images:
Sir Mark Sykes and Georges Picot, Map proposing the postwar reconstruction of the Middle East (1916)
T.E. Lawrence, Map proposing the postwar reconstruction of the Middle East (1918) [description]
Map of the Mandate System in the Middle East (c.1930)

Atlas:
Dalziel, 54-55, 68-69, 82-83, 116-117, 120-121




Week XII: Internal and External Challenges

Nov 20: Gandhi and Non-cooperation in India
Nov 22: The Empire at war, 1939-1945
Nov 24: THANKSGIVING (NO CLASS)


Reading:
Partha Chatterjee, "Gandhi and the Critique of Civil Society" in Ranajit Guha (ed.) Subaltern Studies III, 153-195
Ashley Jackson, "The Approach of War" and "Imperial War" in The British Empire and the Second World War, 11-40

Documents:
Subhas Chandra Bose, Plan for cooperation between the Axis powers and India (1941)
Joachim von Ribbentrop, Brief for the Führer on "British India" (1941)
M.K. Gandhi, "Quit India" Resolution [original draft] (1942)
US State Department, Orders to American forces in India (1942)

Video:
Fox Movietone, Interview with Mahatma Gandhi (1931)

Atlas:
Dalziel, 114-115


RESPONSE PAPER #4 DUE 20 NOV



Week XIII: The Crisis of Empire, 1945-1948

Nov 27: A bloody birth: independence and partition in the Indian subcontinent
Nov 29: The partition of Palestine and the creation of Israel
Dec 1: Discussion


Reading:
Brendon, 379-443, 466-486
Ian Talbot, "Literature and the Human Drama of the 1947 Partition" in Talbot & Singh (eds.), Region and Partition

Documents:
Government of the United Kingdom, "White Paper (on Palestine)" (1939)
Clement Attlee, "The end of British rule in India" (1947)
Winston Churchill, "Britain's shameful flight from India" (1947)
Jawaharlal Nehru, "A tryst with destiny" (1947) [Audio: BBC Radio Archive]

Images:
BBC Photo Archive, Photographs of the partition of India and Pakistan (1947)

Video:
BBC Film Archive, Lord Mountbatten reads address by King George VI on Indian independence (1947)

Atlas:
Dalziel, 130-131




Week XIV: Decolonization and the End of Empire, 1948-1997

Dec 4: Independence in Africa and Asia
Dec 6: The empire within: multicultural Britain and the Commonwealth
Dec 8: Discussion


Reading:
Brendon, 444-465, 487-574
Salman Rushdie, "The New Empire within Britain" in Imaginary Homelands: Essays and Criticism

Documents:
Jomo Kenyatta, "The Kenya Union is not the Mau Mau" (1952)
Gamel Abdul Nasser, "Speech regarding the Suez Canal" (1956)
Harold Macmillan, "The Wind of Change" (1960)
UN declaration granting independence to colonial countries (1960)
Kwame Nkrumah, "I speak of freedom" (1961)
Julius Nyerere, "Ujamaa: The basis of African socialism" (1962)

Video and Audio:
Movietone News, Crisis in Suez (1956)
BBC Four, The Other Side of Suez [documentary] (2004)
BBC Radio Archive, Harold Macmillan's "Wind of Change" speech (1960)

Atlas:
Dalziel, 122-129


RESPONSE PAPER #5 DUE 4 DEC



Week XV: Legacies and Lessons

Dec 11: Postcolonial perspectives; legacies and lessons of the British Empire


Reading:
Brendon, 575-662
Edward Said, "Knowing the Oriental" in Orientalism
"The Tiger under the Table" in The Economist (Dec 2009)
"Brexit and the Lessons of Empire" in The Economist (Feb 2017)

Video:
The British Empire in the movies (film trailers)

Atlas:
Dalziel, 132-135


RESEARCH ESSAY DUE 11 DEC


FINAL EXAMINATION: MONDAY 18 DECEMBER, 1:00-4:00pm


Created by campion@lclark.edu | Updated November 2017