Shah Jahan, 1629 © Freer Gallery of Art
LEWIS & CLARK COLLEGE





HIST 259

Prof. David Campion






Lovers share wine, c.1740, Mir Kalam Khan

MAIN PAGE COURSE REQUIREMENTS ASSIGNMENTS MAP EXERCISE INDIAN HISTORY ONLINE FILM LIST

SCHEDULE OF CLASSES

SPRING 2016

Week I Jan 20-22 Introduction: Foundations of Indian Civilization
Week II Jan 25-29Classical India
Week III Feb 1-5The Coming of Islam
Week IV Feb 8-12The Turks and the Afghans
Week V Feb 15-19The Delhi Sultanate
Week VI Feb 22-26Religious Developments in the Indo-Islamic World
Week VII Feb 29-Mar 4States and Sultanates of Medieval India
Week VIII Mar 7-11 Pre-colonial India’s Global Contact
Week IX Mar 14-18The First Europeans
Week X Mar 28-Apr 1The Rise of the Mughals
Week XI Apr 4-8The Apogee of the Mughals
Week XII Apr 11-15Challenges to Mughal Hegemony
Week XIII Apr 18-22The Decline of the Mughals and the Rise of the British
Week XIV Apr 25-27Conclusion: The British Raj and the Origins of Modern India



Week I: Introduction: Foundations of Indian Civilization

Jan 20: Introduction to the course; Ancient India: geography and history
Jan 22: The foundations of Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism


Reading:
Embree, 1-113
Thapar, 15-49




Week II: Classical India

Jan 25: The Mauryas and the Greeks; Early Western perceptions of India
Jan 27: Indian culture, religion, and state formation in late antiquity
Jan 29: Discussion


Reading:
Embree, 201-273
Thapar, 50-91

Documents:
Ashoka, Pillar Edicts (c.250 BCE)
Herodotus, "Greek Reports from India and Aryavarta" in The History of the Persian Wars (c.430 BCE)




Week III: The Coming of Islam

Feb 1: Foundations of Islam: theology, law, and tradition
Feb 3: The Arabs and the arrival of Islam in India
Feb 5: Discussion


Reading:
Embree, 381-407
Asher & Talbot, 1-24
Richard Eaton, "Introduction" in India's Islamic Traditions, 1-34
Marshall G.S. Hodgson, "The Role of Islam in World History" International Journal of Middle East Studies, 1:2 (1970), 99-123 [JSTOR]


MAP EXERCISE DUE FEB 1



Week IV: The Turks and the Afghans

Feb 8: The entry point: early Turko-Afghan incursions into India
Feb 10: The "Slave Sultans" and consolidation of Turkish rule in North India
Feb 12: Discussion


Reading:
Embree, 408-446
Thapar, 221-240
Asher & Talbot, 25-52
Satish Chandra, "The Impact of Central Asian Institutions on the State and Society in Medieval India (10th-14th centuries)" in Essays on Medieval Indian History, 23-32
M. Mujeeb, "The Qutub Complex as a social document" in Islamic Influences on Indian Society, 111-124


RESPONSE PAPER #1 DUE FEB 12



Week V: The Delhi Sultanate

Feb 15: The Khaljis and the rise of the Delhi Sultans
Feb 17: Early Indo-Islamic religious and cultural accommodation
Feb 19: Discussion


Reading:
Thapar, 241-265
Asher & Talbot, 84-114
Cynthia Talbot, "Inscribing the Other, Inscribing the Self: Hindu-Muslim identities in Pre-colonial India," Comparative Studies in Society and History 37:4 (1995)

Document:
Al Biruni, Alberuni's India (1030 CE)




Week VI: Religious Developments in the Indo-Islamic World

Feb 22: Bhakti, devotional literature, and the transformation of Hindu worship
Feb 24: Sufism and the Islamic mystical tradition in India
Feb 26: Discussion


Reading:
Embree, 342-378, 447-463
Thapar, 289-320
Simon Digby, "The Sufi Shaikh as a Source of Authority in Medieval India" in Richard Eaton (ed.) India's Islamic Traditions, 234-262

Music:
Public Radio International, Qawwali music at the Hazrat Nizamuddin Shrine, Delhi (2012)


RESPONSE PAPER #2 DUE FEB 26



Week VII: States and Sultanates of Medieval India

Feb 29: The North: The Tughluqs and the Lodis
Mar 2: The South: Vijayanagar and the Deccani Sultans
Mar 4: MIDTERM EXAMINATION


Reading:
Thapar, 194-220, 266-288, 321-336
Asher & Talbot, 53-83




Week VIII: Pre-colonial India's Global Contact

Mar 7: The Silk Road: Indian merchants and overland trade
Mar 9: The Indian Ocean: commerce, culture, and communication
Mar 11: Discussion


Reading:
Stephen Dale, "An Indian world economy" in Indian Merchants and Eurasian Trade, 1-44
Claude Markovits, "Indian Merchants in Central Asia" in India and Central Asia, 123-151
Janet Rizvi, "Silk, Spices, and Salt: The Trades of Inner Asia" in Trans-Himalayan Caravans, 3-21
Om Prakash, "Introduction" and "India in the Indian Ocean Trade c.1500" in European Commercial Enterprise in Pre-colonial India, 1-22

Documents:
The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century CE)
Ibn Battuta, "Sind and North-western India" in The Travels of Ibn Battuta (1354)

Image: 360° panaromic view from the summit of Mount Everest


ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY DUE MAR 11



Week IX: The First Europeans

Mar 14: The Portuguese and the Estado da India
Mar 16: The Jesuits in India: religion, politics, and cultural exchange
Mar 18: Discussion


Reading:
M.N Pearson, "The Portuguese arrival in India" and "Catholics and Hindus" in The Portuguese in India, 5-39, 116-130
Paul Axelrod and Michelle A. Fuerch, "Flight of the Deities: Hindu Resistance in Portuguese Goa," Modern Asian Studies, 30:2 (1996), 387-421 [JSTOR]

Documents:
Vasco da Gama, "Round Africa to India" (1498)
Francis Xavier, "Letter from Goa" (1542)
Pope Gregory XIII, "Letter to Akbar"; Jesuit letters from Fatehpur Sikri (1580-83)
Jahangir, "Letter to King James I of England" (1617)


RESPONSE PAPER #3 DUE MAR 18



Week X: The Rise of the Mughals

Mar 28: Babur, Humayun, and early Mughal political competition
Mar 30: Akbar and his world
Apr 1: NO CLASS


Reading:
Asher & Talbot, 115-151
Embree, 463-489
Rosalind O'Hanlon, "History, Gender, and Imperial Service under Akbar," Modern Asian Studies, 41:5 (2007), 889-923 [JSTOR]
"Wine and Tulips in Kabul," The Economist (Dec 2010), 80-82

Document:
Baburnama (Memoirs of Zahir ud-din Muhammad Babur) [selections] (1530)




Week XI: The Apogee of the Mughals

Apr 4: Mughal social, agrarian, and administrative systems
Apr 6: Imperial patronage: art, architecture, and literature
Apr 8: Discussion


Reading:
Asher & Talbot, 152-185
Satish Chandra, "Mughal-Rajput Relations in the seventeenth century: Problems of a Class Alliance" in Essays on Medieval Indian History, 407-445
Ahsan Jan Qaisar, "Painting, Architecture and Music" in The Indian Response to European Technology and Culture, 85-127

Document:
François Bernier, "An Account of India and the Great Moghul" (1655)

Images:
Paintings from the Bharat Kala Bhavan Paintings from the Royal Ateliers
Jahangir Shah Jahan Jalim Shah and Sher Shah Shah Bedarbakhsh
Walajah 360° panaromic view of the Taj Mahal

Online exhibtion: Aga Khan Trust for Culture


RESPONSE PAPER #4 DUE APR 4



Week XII: Challenges to Mughal Hegemony

Apr 11: The Sikhs of the Punjab
Apr 13: Shivaji and the Maratha Confederacy
Apr 15: FESTIVAL OF SCHOLARS (NO CLASS)


Reading:
Asher & Talbot, 186-224
Embree, 491-510
J.S. Grewal, The Sikhs of the Punjab, 1-8, 28-81
M.N. Pearson, "Shivaji and the Decline of the Mughal Empire," Journal of Asian Studies, 35:2 (1976), 221-235 [JSTOR]


RESPONSE PAPER #5 DUE APR 15



Week XIII: The Decline of the Mughals and the Rise of the British

Apr 18: Mughal fragmentation and the growth of successor states
Apr 20: The East India Company and the British conquest of Bengal
Apr 22: Discussion


Reading:
Asher & Talbot, 225-291
Richard Barnett, "Introduction" in North India Between Empires: Awadh, the Mughals, and the British, 1720-1801, 1-41
Om Prakash, "The Supremacy of the East India Company, 1740-1800" in European Commercial Enterprise in Pre-colonial India, 268-314

Documents:
Aurangzeb, Farewell (1707)
Robert Clive, Letter to William Pitt regarding British policy in Bengal (1759)
East India Company Act of 1767
Robert Clive, Speech in the House of Commons on India (1772)
Warren Hastings, Letter to Court of Directors of the East India Company (1783)
Edmund Burke, Speech in the House of Commons on India (1783)




Week XIV: Conclusion: The British Raj and the Origins of Modern India

Apr 25: The Orientalists, the Bengal Renaissance, and the Anglo-Indian encounter
Apr 27: Conclusion: some final thoughts about India in the "Age of Empire"


Reading:
Om Prakash, "Conclusion" in European Commercial Enterprise in Pre-colonial India, 337-351
Bernard S. Cohn, "The Command of Language and the Language of Command" in Ranajit Guha (ed.), Subaltern Studies IV, 276-329

Documents:
Rammohan Roy, "A defense of Hindu theism" (1817) and "Remarks on settlement in India by Europeans" (1832)


RESEARCH ESSAY DUE APR 25


FINAL EXAMINATION: THURSDAY, 5 MAY, 8:30-11:30 am



Pratisakhyas from the RigVeda, Manuscript in Sanskrit, India, 17th century © Newberry Library, Chicago

Created by campion@lclark.edu | Updated May 2016